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When a girl grows up, a new phenomenon appears in her life - menstruation. And every month, women across the planet experience similar and unpleasant symptoms.

Menstruation has long been legendary. Debunking false information will allow a woman to live a full life, giving up often far-fetched problems.

Women's health needs menstruation. There is an opinion that menstruation is even useful, since menstrual blood washes out toxins. But this is absolutely not the case. Menstruation has two important physiological functions. First of all, the body shows that it is in a productive age, which allows pregnancy. Also, the body says that the woman is not currently pregnant. If a woman does not want to have more children, then in fact there is no physiological reason for the continuation of menstruation. But if a woman does not take any contraceptives in the form of pills and does not make hormonal injections, and her uterus is in place, then the menstrual cycle will continue until the date set by nature.

You cannot get pregnant during your period. Many women do not protect themselves during sex during menstruation, considering it impossible to get pregnant. In fact, albeit small, but there is a chance. And this must not be forgotten. Ovulation in women does not necessarily happen right in the middle of the cycle; it can happen during menstruation as well. Pregnancy during menstruation can occur in those whose cycle lasts less than 20-22 days. Indeed, in this case, the egg can leave the uterus in the very last days of menstruation. But even in the classic case with a cycle of 28 days, ovulation can occur several days earlier. Research suggests that sperm can survive for up to a week in the female genital tract. So for those who are not going to get pregnant, it is better to take precautions during this period.

Taking a bath and washing your hair during your period can lead to severe bleeding. It is not true. A woman can still take a shower and bask in the bathroom during her period, but not in hot water. More blood than usual will not flow from this. And a tampon in such a situation will come to the rescue. This hygienic product will allow you to forget about the inconveniences and take water procedures as usual.

During menstruation, it is better not to exercise, but to take time to rest. This is not the best choice. Due to myths about menstruation, women often do not pay enough attention to their health. Sport is an important part of life. Activity and movement allow the muscles to be saturated with oxygen, so pain in the lower abdomen is more easily tolerated and PMS is smoothed. So there is no compelling reason to quit swimming, jogging or fitness during critical days.

As soon as menstruation appears in a girl's life, one must immediately rush to the gynecologist to find out the whole truth about this physiological phenomenon. In fact, the gynecologist will be very surprised at such a visit and will advise you to lead your usual lifestyle these days. The most important thing is not to believe the rumors and myths that surround your period. A doctor should be consulted if the pain becomes unbearable, and the bleeding is excessive. The first visit to the gynecologist should be timed to coincide with the onset of sexual activity or when the girl reaches the age of majority.

Menstruation should last exactly one week and occur every 28 (30) days. There are no clear rules for this. In girls, in general, after the appearance of menstruation in their life, the cycle can remain unstable for several years. Someone will have 28 days, while others will have 45. The menses themselves can last from three days to one and a half weeks. But if the irregularity of menstruation causes concern and becomes a problem, then you should consult your doctor about this. There are several classic reasons that can affect cycle regularity. This is stress, long travel with a change of time zones, vigorous physical activity, illness, excess weight and poor nutrition.

It is best for virgins to avoid using tampons before their period. There are myths that the introduction of a tampon to a virgin will cause pain. In fact, this is absolutely not the case. Feelings when using tampons depend primarily on the sensitivity that a woman has a purely individual. And virginity has nothing to do with it. Leading manufacturers of such hygiene products produce a wide range of products, from which you can choose the most comfortable option. Do not be afraid that the inserted tampon will tear the hymen. In fact, he cannot do this, if only because of his size and depth of location.

You can't swim during your period. This is a very old myth about menstruation that started a long time ago. Then there were no tampons and the hygiene situation was difficult. Then everyone warned the woman on critical days not to swim in the water, in order to avoid vaginal infections. Today scientists have found out that in this environment it is generally difficult to get infected with them. This means that swimming during your period is no more dangerous than on other days. Today women have invisible helpers - tampons, which allow them to feel comfortable in the water. Just before entering the water, you should introduce a suitable hygiene product and enjoy swimming. And in an ordinary swimsuit, the lace will not be visible. But it is undesirable to wear a thong these days.

There is no PMS. Premenstrual syndrome is the body's classic response to the hormonal changes that occur during menstruation. A woman is overwhelmed with emotions, she becomes irritable, often changes her mood, experiences melancholy and fatigue. On these days, unpleasant physical sensations - headaches, abdominal pains - are added to the changeable mood. And how can all this be just made up? And to facilitate the onset of such a period, you can use a special diet, which includes fresh fruits and vegetables, quality rest and do not forget to actively move. You cannot do in such a difficult period without support from loved ones, who must understand what really moves a woman at this time.

Before the onset of menstruation with a child, it is better not to talk about it. It seems that the girl may be frightened by the words that soon she will bleed from an intimate place. But psychologists think otherwise - it is better to prepare the teenager in advance for the upcoming changes in physiology. Otherwise, menstruation can be frightening. And in this matter, it is important to find the right approach to the girl on the basis of a trusting relationship. And menstruation can begin at any time, starting from the age of 9 and even up to 16. In order for the conversation to take place on time, you should pay attention to the signs of puberty in a teenager. This will manifest itself in armpit hair growth, acne, breast swelling. It becomes clear that the girl is entering puberty. Therefore, it is already necessary to talk with the teenager about the upcoming menstruation, explain that this is not scary and dispel the main fears and misconceptions on this topic. Then the girl will come ready for the first menstruation and will not be afraid of the sight of blood.

The daughter will always tell her mother that her period has begun. Unfortunately, this is not always the case. In adolescence, girls are often shy and withdrawn. Talking to them about intimate topics is not easy. At such a moment, the mother should be as sensitive and attentive as possible, not pressurize and make it clear to her daughter that she can share her even intimate secrets. After all, a teenager needs someone who would support, calmly give simple and understandable answers to exciting questions.

It is forbidden to drink alcohol during menstruation. If we are talking about a glass of wine at dinner, why not? But large volumes of alcohol are still best avoided. Depending on the period of your menstrual cycle, your reaction to alcohol can change. Some women say that those drinks, which normally gave a slight gaiety, were unexpectedly drunk during menstruation. Is it permissible to lose control of yourself? And excessive alcohol during such a period can increase hemorrhage.

Painful sensations during menstruation indicate a violation of the structure of the uterus. According to statistics, two out of five women complain of cramps in the lower abdomen, dizziness and aching dull pain in the back. And pain during menstruation does not appear at all because of the defective shape of the uterus, but because of its strong contractions. The reason for this behavior is the excessive release of prostaglandins in the endometrium or just the endometrium. With this phenomenon, the uterus involuntarily vibrates, preventing the blood from rotating freely. Also, acute pain in the first days of menstruation can tell about hormonal disorders, inflammation of the ovaries, or myoma. Pain can result from psychological problems.

It is not recommended to take pain relievers during your period. On days like this, the pain can be so severe that pain relievers can help relieve it. Thanks to the reception of such funds, a woman can not fall out of the rhythm of life for several days, and continue to work. The best drugs in this group are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that interfere with the production of prostaglandins. You can buy such products without prescriptions in pharmacies. Thanks to ibuprofen, you can reduce pain that occurs due to excessive contractions of the muscles of the uterus. But it is worth remembering that taking pills is possible only with pain. In this case, it is also necessary to be careful when taking such medications. For example, with regular aspirin, bleeding can increase and even increase in duration.

When menstruating, you shouldn't have sex. In fact, there are no medical contraindications to this. It all depends on the partners and on their disgust. After all, sex may not be entirely neat, the sight of blood on the genitals can confuse a man. Those couples for whom menstruation does not interfere with having sex should be especially careful about hygiene. Indeed, during this period, the cervix is ​​open, which makes it much easier for infections to get inside. So in order to avoid mutual damage and infection, it is worth resorting to using a condom. In addition, do not forget about the risk of getting pregnant. Also, sexually transmitted diseases are better transmitted during menstruation, even with the help of blood.

It is best not to go to the hairdresser during your period. This amazing myth has been around for several years. However, there is no scientific reason for how a haircut or hair color can affect menstruation, or vice versa. It's just that some hairdressers claim that during menstruation the sebaceous glands on the head work more actively. This has a bad effect on the quality of hair coloring, the color may turn out to be different than planned. So it is better sometimes to listen to specialists who know something that is unknown to science.

Heavy bleeding can lead to anemia. Excessive bleeding can be considered to be that which makes more than ten pads unusable per day. In such a situation, the body can indeed lose a lot of iron. And when this valuable and important microelement is not enough, then anemia can really develop.

Menses may continue after the uterus is removed. Hysterectomy involves removing the uterus, after which mucosal detachment, like bleeding, in principle, cannot occur. But it is important to remember that such an operation saves a woman's vagina. This allows her to have sex and get an orgasm at the same time. After all, it is so important to continue to feel like a real woman, even without a uterus and menstruation.

The use of hormonal contraceptives can move your period. It is definitely not worth deliberately changing your menstrual cycle, although many are trying to "improve" it with the help of pills. The decision to extend this period should be taken only together with the gynecologist, he will also tell you the best ways for this. If a woman does not have pronounced contraindications and problems, then the doctor will prescribe medications and tell the algorithm for taking them. But even after that, using such drugs, one must constantly be monitored by a gynecologist.

Taking oral contraceptives can generally save a woman from menstruation. After taking a couple of packages of such drugs, the blood begins to smear, which looks like the first stage of menstruation. In fact, this is not a period at all, but a break in the action of hormones (withdrawal bleeding). In such a situation, the egg does not mature due to the action of the drug. The endometrium does not prepare for the reception of a fertilized egg without increasing its volume. Therefore, menstruation really will not come.

A delay in menstruation means pregnancy. Not everything is so categorical, because the reasons for the delays can be very different. Menstruation may not come on time due to stress, climate change, drastic weight loss, hormonal therapy. But a pregnancy test is still worth doing just in case.

Bleeding in the first trimester of pregnancy is dangerous for both the mother and the baby. Few people know, but in the first months of pregnancy, a woman may have a slight bleeding, "mean menstruation." It is usually believed that menstruation during pregnancy is a sign of miscarriage, this can also be a natural way to remove part of the endometrium that is no longer needed for the development of the fetus.

Menstruation always occurs with ovulation at different times. There is such a thing as anovulatory cycle. It occurs when the lining of the uterus has already exfoliated, and the egg has not yet emerged from the follicle. This form of the cycle occurs in the first years of puberty and in its last years, before menopause. Even a healthy woman may have one or two anovulatory cycles per year. If a woman regularly has sex, but she is not protected, and pregnancy still does not occur, then this is precisely what indicates the absence of ovulation. In this case, you need to purchase a test for its determination at the pharmacy, which will determine the best time for conception.

During menstruation, the blood should be odorless. The presence of a smell in blood is a completely natural thing. The blood leaving the cervix is ​​initially sterile, but as a result of passing through the female genital tubes, it absorbs a special smell. It appears due to the bacterial environment inside the vagina and next to it. That is why it is necessary to observe personal hygiene both on critical days and between them. During menstruation, showers should be taken twice a day, and you should wipe your intimate organs with a towel specially designed for this. But you should not use intimate deodorants, because they can increase bleeding.

Mechanical cleaning of the face should not be carried out during menstruation.And here scientists support cosmetologists. Indeed, these days the skin becomes much more sensitive. This leads to the fact that even the smallest wounds on the face will heal and heal for a long time. So it is better to choose other days for going to the beautician. And during menstruation, it is better to take care of your skin. This approach is applicable to other depilations, but it is especially important to take care of your facial skin.

Do not massage during your period. This myth has a dual basis. On the one hand, cosmetologists really advise to give up massage. But there are also such specialists who consider it not only acceptable, but even necessary to do facial massage.

Do not wash your hair during your period. The origins of this myth lie deep in history. But if it was permissible for our grandmothers not to wash their hair for a week, then a modern woman cannot afford it. In addition, there is no obvious reason not to wash your hair during this period.

No surgery should be done during menstruation. There are no strict prohibitions on this matter. Just before agreeing on this date, you need to inform the doctor about the passage of menstruation during this period. The specialist must decide on the admissibility of the operation.

During menstruation, you can not roll up conservation. There is a long-standing belief that the twisting of cans during this period is fraught with the subsequent explosion of all conservation. But just how is this related to hormones? In fact, on such days, women have low energy. In practice, this is manifested in the fact that the cases started are unsuccessful.

Do not sew during your period. It is difficult to find an explanation for this myth. And how would professional seamstresses work then? Would they really have to take a monthly week off?

With menstruation, you can not guess. Fortune-telling in general from an energy point of view is considered a harmful and dangerous activity. But during menstruation, not only is a woman mentally unbalanced, she also has a weakened energy. Fortune-telling can negatively affect a person, so it is better not to risk it in this matter.

There is a lot of blood loss during menstruation, so it is better to devote yourself to rest. It is estimated that a woman loses a little blood during her period, only about four tablespoons. So do not panic about this and constantly lie, fearing bleeding.

During menstruation, it is worth refusing to eat certain foods. There is no restriction on food - you can eat everything that is on normal days. But when leaning on food, do not forget that it is not for nothing that some food is called "healthy".

It is easy to catch cold during menstruation. This myth literally forces women to give up soft drinks and cold water. For some, the cold can actually exacerbate the pain. But the likelihood of a cold from taking soft drinks or contact with water is the same, both on ordinary days and on critical days.

In women on critical days, the risk of meeting with predators increases. They say that animals feel a woman from afar by drops of her blood. Sharks and bears stand out especially in this regard. But there is no scientific evidence for this claim. Blood can attract sharks in the same way as urine, sweat and other fluids produced by the human body. You just need to stop worrying about this.

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