Bocking (jolly jumping, from the English jolly - "funny", "entertainment" and jumping - "jumping"; power boxing, from the English power - "strength, power"; powerraising - the name that perpetuates the name of the manufacturer of jumpers - "Poweriser") is an extreme sport, which involves the use of jolly jumpers (English jollyjumpers) or jumpers - structures made of aluminum, fiberglass and plastic during the competition.
These devices are made in the form of an arc, equipped with supports and mounts for the legs and a rubber "sole". They allow a person to reach speeds of up to 32 km / h and jump 2 meters in height.
Jumpy was patented in 2004 by Alexander Bock (Australia) - it was in his honor that the new sport got its name (boxing). Initially, this device was supposed to be used as a simulator that improves the abilities of professional runners and jumpers. However, jolly jumpers from the category of sports equipment were transferred to the props of circus artists (for example, during the opening of the XXIX Olympiad 2008 (Beijing, China), a show on jumpers was demonstrated), and after a while they began to be massively used for entertainment.
The boxing competition, known as the "Aubria" European Boxing Party, has been held annually since 2007. Athletes demonstrate their skills in such types of competitions: running (100, 200, 400, 800 and more meters), marathon, obstacle course, jumps (long, high, triple), freestyle (boxers themselves make up the program of performance, obeying only some restrictions: performance time - 5 minutes, permission / prohibition to use equipment and assistant services), orienteering (the task, as in orienteering, is to cover a certain distance as quickly as possible, while visiting a given number of checkpoints). The best trick (combination of tricks) is also evaluated. Sometimes boxers compete in landing accuracy, jumping on two legs, amplitude jumps (the minimum number of jumps should be made in 30 seconds), etc.
In Russia, championships in this sport have been held since 2009.
The idea of creating jolly jumpers belongs to Alexander Bock. No, for the first time such a design was created and tested by acrobats Bill Gaffney and Tom Weivero (California) in 1954. Their "walkers", called Pogo stilts (English "dance stilts") resembled small stilts that allowed jumping 2 meters in height. The creation of speedboats equipped with an internal combustion engine was carried out in the early 70s. last century and scientists of the USSR. However, both of these designs never received widespread recognition and use. Boca's jolly jumpers became the most successful invention that has found application in sports and entertainment. But even this device did not arouse public interest for quite a long time. It was only after some of the tricks performed on the jumpers were filmed on the video that they began to gain popularity.
Most boxing adherents live in Australia. Misconception. Although the inventor of jumpers is indeed a resident of Australia, boxing gained its greatest popularity in the UK, from where it subsequently spread throughout the world.
Learning to walk on jumps is a very difficult and time-consuming exercise. This is not entirely true. The design of this device is designed in such a way that the sensations during movement on it are akin to ordinary walking - only the center of the leg is slightly shifted down. Therefore, the first steps can be done independently within 5-10 minutes after the start of training. But to master a more complex type of movement (running, jumping, various tricks), you really need to spend a lot of time and effort (as in any other sport).
During bocking, bruises are inevitable. Falls are actually quite common at first. In order to minimize the likelihood of injury, it is imperative to acquire protective equipment similar to the equipment of rollers (protective helmet, pads on knees, elbows and wrists). In this case, bruises while practicing this sport will not appear so often.
It is very difficult to stop when moving on jolly jumps. Completely erroneous opinion. Braking, which is quite difficult for skaters or skiers, is extremely simple in bocking - you can stop anywhere, anytime, just like you would during normal walking or running.
Boxing is a rather tedious activity. In this sport, the intensity of the load depends only on the athlete striving for a particular result. If a person just wants to have fun, he can limit himself to an original type of walking or jogging, which is very interesting and not so tiring. If an athlete wants to demonstrate his ability in the process of performing various kinds of tricks or prepare for any other competitions (in some sports, jumpers are used as simulators), he can vary the load over a fairly wide range, without replacing the device with a more perfect and an expensive model.
Boxing is possible only in dry weather - jumpers will slide on wet asphalt. Jumps will not slide on wet asphalt, but ice or wet grass can really become a serious obstacle. You also need to be careful when walking on cobblestones. Do not use these devices for walking on a slope, meadow with tall grass, or on any soft surface (sports mats, tatami, etc.), as the devices are designed to push off from a rigid support.
The athlete's weight must exactly match the recommended load indicated on the jumps. The bottom spring of each device does indeed indicate the recommended load. However, it is only necessary to achieve an exact match between the athlete's weight and the numbers indicated on the inventory at the initial stages of training (you can even take jumps designed for a slightly lower weight). When it comes time to master higher jumps, you can use jumpers designed for a higher weight (however, professionals say that in the process of training a person loses a fairly large percentage of body weight, which eliminates the need to purchase equipment with other characteristics).
Jolly jumper exercises can harm health, in particular, worsen the condition of the athlete's knee joints. According to experts, classes using this device can be used in physiotherapy, since, firstly, they have a strengthening effect on the muscles of the whole body (abdomen, back, hips, etc.), thereby developing the musculoskeletal system, which helps to improve posture; secondly, they improve coordination; thirdly, due to the design features of the jumpers, they reduce the stress on the knee joints. And, finally, boxing classes help obese people lose weight (you can lose 10-12 kg in a month), which also has a positive effect on the state of the whole body as a whole. However, people who have suffered serious injuries (fractures, lacerations or severe sprains), as well as who have a delayed reaction, should refrain from this sport.
The jolly jumper springs may break. The fiberglass springs are not prone to breaking. In the place where this (very strong) material is damaged, it just starts to become softer and slowly bend (while a characteristic crackling is heard). In this case, the spring must be changed, and you can do it yourself, since this process does not require the use of special tools or stay in the workshop.
People with too much weight cannot do boxing. The range of jumps is quite wide - from 25 to 120 kg. But even if the weight of a person who wants to engage in this sport exceeds the maximum mark, this person can choose jumps designed for a slightly lower body weight of the athlete. True, in this case he will not be able to perform very high jumps and various tricks.
Jump rubber soles wear out very quickly. Some beginner athletes complain that they stumble a lot and the soles of their jumps have to be changed frequently. This state of affairs indicates that a person is using devices incorrectly, lowering his leg at an excessively sharp angle. While walking, you need to try to put your foot on the entire sole, remembering to bend your knees while doing this. Then the rubber soles of the construction will last much longer, and the boker will stop stumbling when walking.
Putting on or taking off jumps without assistance is quite difficult. It is enough to sit on a bench or just lean on something (a wall of a house, a fence, a tree, etc.), put on the device on one leg, transfer weight to it, put on a jump on the other leg - and you are ready to practice. But getting up in the event of a fall without assistance can be really difficult. Therefore, at first, you should resort to the services of friends who are ready to help. After a few workouts, the boker will learn to stand up independently
There are many types of jumps in bocking, many of which are quite difficult. It really is. The easiest ones are considered to be low jumps (on one or two legs) with a small amplitude, as well as the "core" - during the jump, the knees are pulled up, the "star" - the legs and arms are spread apart during the jump, the "children's play" is one leg is laid forward, the other - back. More difficult are jumps with a deflection (backward or sideways), called "sail" (option - "sail with a grip", when during the jump the athlete is held by his hands for the springs for some time) and "method" (in this case, the spring is gripped with one hand ). This group also includes jumps with legs apart in the longitudinal plane (very similar to a split) - "longitudinal separation" or "giant jump" (if during its execution grips are used - the name changes to "back grip" or "double grip"). In addition, there are the following types of jumps: "transverse split", "matrix" (arms spread apart, legs bent at the knees), "praying mantis" (arms spread apart, legs crossed in a special way), "crosswise" - resembles a longitudinal split , the difference is that the legs are bent parallel to the ground, etc. The most difficult are considered to be jumps with rotation around a vertical axis (with straight legs, one leg (or two legs) bent at the knee and pulled up to the chest or thrown back), sometimes accompanied by grabs, or overturns over the head (somersaults forward (backward), screws ).
Jolly jumps have been given many different names. Yes it is. The most famous names are jumps or jolly jumpers. In addition, this device was called so: "energizers" (energizers), "giving energy" (poweriser), "professional jumpers" (pro jumps), "sky-runners". Sometimes the word "shoes" appeared in the names: "jumping shoes", "rocket shoes", "show-off shoes", "moon boots" ( moon shoes), "pogo shoes". The word "stilts" was also encountered: "spring stilts" (spring stilts or bouncy stilts), "stilt shoes", "jumping stilts", "speed stilts" ), "kangaroo (grasshopper) stilts" (kangaroo (pogo) stilts). The word "legs" was often used in combination with the names of various jumping animals or insects: "crazy legs", "kangaroo (grasshopper, dinosaur) legs" (kangaroo (grasshopper, dino) legs), " rabbit feet "(rabbit feet). Many names reflect the ability of this design to increase the jump height and give the feeling of flight and speed: "speed (street, moon, flying) jumpers", "fly runners", "flying locusts "(flying locust), etc.