Until recently, there was a time when most of the people could only allow observing the inhabitants of the sea depths with the help of a TV. The very idea of keeping a home aquarium seemed fantastic.
However, in the 20th century, not only science and technology jumped, but the possibilities of keeping aquariums at home. However, many are discouraged by the numerous myths about maintaining an aquarium, which make it extremely difficult. So let's try to figure out where the truth is, and where is the lie.
An aquarium is expensive. Many would like to have an aquarium at home, which will be a part of nature in the urban interior, and would be willing to spend between $ 100-200. However, people are often frightened off by the fact that the light must be on regularly in the aquarium, usually for 10-12 hours a day, and the filters and heater must generally work around the clock. Immediately, a frightening thought arises about high spending on electricity. In fact, spending is not so terrible. When lighting, economical fluorescent lamps with a power of 15-20 watts are usually used, and the power of all equipment serving an aquarium usually does not exceed 200 watts. This figure is much less than the power of a home computer. So the average electricity bill is usually up to $ 5 per month.
The aquarium is challenging. Another myth that scares people away from buying an aquarium is the complexity of its maintenance. It is believed that an aquarium needs constant painstaking care - changing the water, unloading plants and fish, washing glass, then loading everything back ... In fact, the aquarium can be considered an already established biosystem. The main thing is to launch it so that the balance necessary for the living environment is established. Usually, follow-up care consists in feeding the fish, and, as practice shows, this activity is extremely interesting, therefore, overfeeding of fish is usually observed rather than underfeeding. Another maintenance measure will be to periodically change the water to regular tap water - usually 10 to 30% of the liquid changes once a week. Prepare for the maintenance of the aquarium in advance by reading a good book on aquarism, following all the recommendations. Following them, you will quickly see that creating a beautiful corner of the underwater world at home is a snap.
First you need to buy a small aquarium. You can often hear advice that you can learn aquarium keeping on the example of a small aquarium, as its maintenance is much easier. Having learned the necessary actions, you can already purchase a larger aquarium. In fact, a small volume of water leads to significant fluctuations in its parameters, which critically affects the inhabitants of the aquarium, which may die from the changes. In practice, it has been studied that a stable biobalance occurs in structures with a volume of 100 liters or more. Of course, an aquarium with a volume of more than 200 liters requires significantly more care, so we can confidently say that for a home aquarium, a volume of 100-200 liters will be the best choice. And do not be afraid of large numbers, because the size 70 * 40 * 40cm is already 112 liters. Any table or cabinet will take up more space, so usually placing a small aquarium will not be difficult.
To make the first start-up of a marine aquarium, you need to wait about six weeks, as the biological filter must enter into operation. Today's techniques for launching new aquariums allow microflora to form within a week. This time is enough to grow, for example, a culture of unitrobacteria.
To reduce the amount of nitrates in the aquarium, you need to change the water. This is the only option. In fact, there are several such methods, some of them are aimed not only at reducing the concentration of nitrates in water, but also prevent their further appearance. All these actions can be carried out without changing the water.
In the reef pool, the ideal temperature is 25 degrees. In the reef basin, corals are used that were brought from the warm waters of the ocean, the usual ambient temperature for them is from 25 to 29 degrees. So do not limit the temperature threshold for such a pool.
Increased nitrate levels in the water have an extremely negative impact on surgeon fish, which are sensitive to such changes. In fact, surgeon fish are just as sensitive to nitrates as other coral fish. Therefore, they are not afraid of long-term repeated violations in the level of nitrates in water.
If, when trying to reduce the content of nitrates, dramatically change the chemical composition of the aquatic environment, then the inhabitants of the aquarium will receive a negative impact. The fact is that the composition of water, the content of salts in it, its pH, temperature and density never occur abruptly. But a decrease in the level of nitrates will have a beneficial effect on the inhabitants of the aquarium, as well as improve the positive qualities of the aquatic environment.
In a reef aquarium, in no case should shrimp be populated, as they can kill fish. The main function of shrimp in a reef aquarium is to clean it. These aquatic inhabitants are not at all aggressive, the maximum they are capable of is to fight with a mustache with about their relative. The myth appeared due to the fact that a shrimp can be watched over the autopsy of a dead fish or invertebrate, but this does not indicate the culprit of the tragedy. Shrimp are aquarium orderlies, not violent killers.
The service workers can give the necessary advice on the care of the pool. Good advice can only be obtained from professionals, but the service personnel performs several other functions. Indeed, they may have some knowledge in this area, but this will be information from the "heard somewhere" series. Oftentimes, their lack of experience in content specifically prevents them from giving the right advice.
The use of wet filters and bio balls leads to an increase in nitrates in the water. Bio-balls, like any porous material, are used as a trap for detritus, as well as other contaminants in the aquarium. Therefore, their use is fully justified. You should not start caring for these products, you need to regularly rinse and clean them, then they will not contain biological remains, whose decomposition leads to the appearance of nitrates.
Microbubbles in the water can cause eye diseases in fish. This myth is quite popular among people who keep an aquarium. In fact, microbubbles have nothing to do with eye diseases. The cause of the disease can be, for example, mechanical damage, secondary infections, or ammonia burns.
Pathogens of infectious diseases can be transmitted from one aquarium to another by air. This would be possible if aquariums could sneeze. In the meantime, infection from one aquarium to another occurs in a more prosaic way - through nets, hoses, accessories and decorative elements.
There are aquariums that you don't need to maintain at all. In laboratory conditions, closed ecosystems can indeed exist for a long time, but such systems have an extremely poor species composition. Usually these are the simplest algae and the smallest crustaceans. And still, even such an aquarium needs a human presence, at least in the form of a source of illumination. Any other aquarium will certainly require care. Otherwise, its appearance will quickly deteriorate - after all, environmental sustainability and decorative requirements do not coincide in many ways.
You can create an aquarium up to the ceiling. It is possible to create something, but there will be big problems with service, since access is organized only from above. And there will be difficulties with the design of such a structure, since it will be difficult to put and remove the scenery there. It is recommended to leave at least half the height of the aquarium on top.
Previously, the fish never got sick. Previously, it was customary to say that fish simply do not take root. Although the results of this could be the most deplorable for the inhabitants. In fact, today many diseases of aquarium fish are successfully diagnosed and treated.
Dry fish food causes allergies, which is why many do not start an aquarium. Modern feeds have changed a lot, and the conditions for their distribution have also changed. Indeed, the old primitive foods were allergenic, but they were also poorly suited for fish. Causing, in fact, their slow death. Today, sealed cans are used for their storage. In extreme cases, there is an option with the purchase of frozen food in blisters. Feeding with live food is usually unusual and difficult for beginners. Therefore, in pet stores, you can find a wide range of various feeds in different types (granules, tablets, etc.), which will allow you to choose the optimal diet for any fish.
You can install an aquarium instead of a window frame. This option often occurs to wealthy people. However, the Russian winter with severe frosts complicates this plan. To use the aquarium in this capacity, you will have to make structural changes to the building itself. Indeed, it is possible to carry out such a project, but for its implementation it will be necessary to attract builders and architects.
There are many cheap aquariums available. In the pet industry, competition is really high, which leads to a drop in prices. However, it should be borne in mind that the aquarium is a technically complex product, which, moreover, can simply become dangerous if mishandled. Therefore, support issues - information and technical ones - are of paramount importance, the reliability of the design, the seller's warranty obligations are also important. Of course, anyone chooses the price category and the seller himself, but it is clear that purchasing a cheap aquarium will mean using lower quality materials and components. In addition, there is a risk of contact with people who are ignorant in the field of aquaristics, who do not sufficiently know all the features of the production of aquariums and their maintenance.
The aquarium can be placed in the vacant space. Often the aquarium is set up according to the "residual" principle, closing a niche formed during the repair, or seeing an interesting project somewhere. Naturally, the very desire to realize your fantasies deserves praise, but often the possibility of implementing plans rests on technical nuances. So, it should be analyzed - is there electricity in the right place, what is the load on the floors, is it possible to carry the elements of the aquarium into this place when they are delivered by the manufacturer, as well as the availability of sewerage and water supply, as far as possible, will serve the aquarium in the future. As you can see, there are many factors, neglect of which can lead to disappointment. After all, installing an aquarium without observing the required standards will lead to problems with its maintenance in the future, which will bring grief to the owner instead of joy. Therefore, the installation of a large aquarium should still be planned in advance, in consultation with experts in this field.