The entire development of our civilization is closely related to wars. History has left the names of some of the creators of these strange murder weapons.
Death animals. Today, animal welfare organizations can protest against the use of our smaller brothers in warfare, but during the Second World War, some peoples did not disdain such helpers. In the United States, they tried to train bats to carry and drop tiny incendiary bombs. This was due to the fact that there are quite a large number of these mammals, their ability to carry more weight than their own and the fact that they know how to hide and find secluded places in buildings. In England, they tried to use dead rats by stuffing them with plastic explosives. The British decided that when the Germans threw them with shovels into coal boilers, there would be an explosion. In the Soviet Union, they trained anti-tank dogs, making them think that their food was stored under armored vehicles. The beasts were loaded with explosives and released onto the battlefield. They ran under the tanks, exploding there and thus causing the maximum possible damage.
It is worth mentioning the fighting dolphins, which were trained to find underwater mines, blow up submarines like kamikaze and rescue sailors. The bat bomb was inspired by the dental surgeon Little Adams and was approved by President Roosevelt in 1942. Such a weapon was supposed to be the response of the Americans for Pearl Harbor. The mice were to be frozen and released over Tokyo in order for them to search for objects for future explosions. Although millions of dollars were spent on work, it turned out that the mice still could not carry the minimum required kilogram charge. Exploding rats became one of the projects of one of the British special services, which was engaged in the conduct of hostilities by indirect methods. But the plans were not destined to come true - the first batch was intercepted by the Germans, and this idea had to be abandoned. In the USSR, the use of dogs for military purposes began as early as 1924, in the Moscow region even a specialized training school was created.
Sword Breaker. This weapon was created in the Middle Ages. The swordbreaker looked like a long dagger, with cutouts on one side of the blades. During the battle of the knights, it was possible to catch the enemy's sword in one of the grooves and break the enemy's weapon with a quick turn. Who became the author of such an idea is unknown, but such a weapon has firmly entered into use, becoming one of the many tools in the knight's arsenal.
Man-catcher. Man-catcher is one of the types of gaff weapons. At the end of the pole are two poles, each semicircular and with a spring trap in front. Such a weapon was supposed to help pull a person off a horse and played a significant role in the medieval custom of capturing noble men in order to obtain further ransom. The man-catcher was also used to capture and forcibly hold prisoners. The name of the author of such a weapon has also not survived. It is known that it came into use in Europe during the Middle Ages and was used until the 18th century. In Japan, during the Edo period, there was a similar weapon called sasumata, which helped to pin the enemy to the ground or wall. The sasumata variety is still used and applied in the Japanese special forces.
Puckle's rifle. This weapon is often considered the first machine gun. Pakla's rifle or defensive rifle was placed on a three-legged tripod. One barrel was equipped with a multicharge rotating cylinder. This development was used on ships. Its goal was to prevent the landing of strangers on board, while the gun fired 63 shots in 7 minutes. The weapon looks strange and unique due to the fact that it can fire two types of bullets - round against Christian enemies and square against Muslim Turks. The area of the bullet influenced the pain of the wound, according to the patent, this shape of the bullet could convince the Turks of the superiority of the Christian civilization. The author of this gun was the English inventor, writer and lawyer James Puckle. The weapon was created in 1718. At the same time, one of the first patents was drawn up, with a description of the operation of the device. Pakl provided the blueprints to several investors, but almost no one was interested in his gun. Many gunsmiths did not want to associate with the mass production of complex components.
Flying aircraft carrier. This image is widely reflected in science fiction novels, television shows and films. The flying base of aircraft even occupied the collective imagination of the entire military community for a short time. Most presented the project in the form of a Zeppelin-class ship with an airship in its upper part. However, after the sad disaster of the "Hindenburg" in 1937, all plans for the construction of such types of ships were curtailed. But later, the military returned to the idea of transporting fighters directly to the battlefield using bombers. For these purposes, it was supposed to use a modified Boeing-747. Airship-based carriers were first developed by the US Navy during World War II. The aircraft was equipped with a hook, which was attached with a trapezoid at the bottom of the carrier. And bombers for such purposes were first used by Japanese kamikazes during hostilities in the same years. Later, the use of bombers and jet carriers was developed by NASA.
Lantern shield. This weapon became the creation of the Renaissance. The lantern shield was not only a defensive tool, but also an independent weapon. It was a device worn on a fist. The glove held jagged blades parallel to the warrior's arm, hooks, spikes, and a flashlight attached to the center of the shield. The lanterns were covered with patches of leather, and then they were removed to confuse the intruder. But such weapons were not particularly used for military purposes, the main use was among swordsmen or as protection from criminals while walking around the city at night. The inventor of the shield-lantern is still unknown. The weapon came into use in Italy in the 16th century. It is believed by some that this weapon served as a shield for the Swiss, as it balanced defensive and offensive characteristics with the use of psychological impact.
Habakkuk project. During World War II, there was a shortage of metal. Due to German submarines, the Allied forces lost many escort ships. This ultimately led to plans by the British government to build an aircraft carrier from a new material, pykrite. It was a mixture of water (14%) and sawdust (86%), frozen together in a single block. The advantage of paikrite was that it was quite strong, melted slowly and was lighter than water, which in itself was an advantage. The design ice ship was supposed to be about 600 meters long and with a hull thickness of 12 meters. The displacement of such a vessel was supposed to be 1.8 million tons. Of course, special attention was paid to the cooling system of the ship's hull. The ship was supposed to carry at least 150 aircraft. Combat ice carriers were supposed to be more than a kilometer long and 183 meters wide. For such monsters, a direct torpedo hit was not a problem. In Canada, an 18-meter prototype was even built on Lake Patricia. The inventor of the pykrit and the author of the project was Jeffrey Pike, who proposed many original military ideas. Even before the production of ships began, it turned out that a lot of accompanying materials, in particular, sawdust, were required. While the military was puzzling over where to get so much forest, the allies turned the tide of hostilities and the project became history.
Archimedes' claw. The Claw of Archimedes was developed in the third century AD to protect the Carthaginian fortress of Syracuse from a naval attack from the Romans. The weapon was a giant crane with large hooks and ropes attached to it. When the ship came close enough to the city wall, hooks grabbed the ship and lifted it partially out of the water. Then the ship was simply disabled by overturning it. Such a machine was so effective that the Romans thought they were fighting against the gods. The idea of creating a "claw" belongs to Archimedes, one of the greatest minds of his time. The task of defending Syracuse to the scientist was set by the local ruler Heiro. As a result, the "claw of Archimedes" became a useful weapon during the Second Punic War, when the city was attacked by the Romans with more than 220 galleys. Archimedes himself designed throwing weapons to defend the city; according to legend, the scientist managed to set fire to the Roman fleet with the help of mirrors. Syracuse fell only through treason, and a talented scientist was killed.
Vortex weapon. This weapon was built in Germany during World War II. Its task was to launch artificial whirlwinds that would destroy allied aircraft at altitude. The machine created explosions inside the combustion chamber, releasing energy through special nozzles. A small model was built that could shatter planks 200 meters away. A full-size vortex cannon was even built, but it was unable to produce vortices at great heights. As a result, the project was suspended. The author of the vortex gun was Dr. Zippermeier, an Austrian inventor. On his estate in Tyrol, he created several experimental anti-aircraft guns, in particular a cannon that generates sound waves. During the war, his work was controlled by the German Aeronautics Administration, as it could help protect Germany from bombing by the Allies.
Gay bomb. This unofficial name was given to non-lethal chemical weapons. The creation of such a bomb was discussed in US laboratories in 1994. It was planned that when the weapon fell, it was supposed to release a powerful cloud of aphrodisiac and female pheromones, causing a powerful sexual attraction in the enemy troops. The soldiers, in search of an object of passion, would turn to each other, thus the battle formations would be noticeably disrupted. Although such a weapon has never been created, specialists from a secret laboratory in Dayton, Ohio, made a report on the possibility of its creation. Information about this became public in 2004, triggering a scandal. After all, the United States may have violated the Convention on the Non-Proliferation of Chemical Weapons. Gays were outraged, too, because the weapon was based on the idea that homosexual soldiers were not so combat-ready.